Learn how AWS cloud computing infrastructure works
Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a cloud computing platform offered by Amazon that provides a wide range of infrastructure services, including computing power, storage, networking, and databases. Here are some key components of AWS cloud computing infrastructure:
- EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud): This service provides virtual servers in the cloud, which can be configured to run a variety of operating systems and software.
- S3 (Simple Storage Service): This is a scalable object storage service that allows users to store and retrieve data from the cloud.
- VPC (Virtual Private Cloud): This service enables users to launch Amazon Web Services resources into a virtual network that they’ve defined.
- RDS (Relational Database Service): This service makes it easy to set up, operate, and scale a relational database in the cloud.
- Lambda: This is a serverless computing service that allows developers to run code without provisioning or managing servers.
- CloudFront: This service provides a content delivery network (CDN) that distributes content to end-users with low latency and high data transfer speeds.
- Route 53: This is a scalable and highly available DNS service that routes end-users to AWS services or any other web applications.
- Direct Connect: This service provides a dedicated network connection from on-premises infrastructure to AWS cloud infrastructure.
Overall, AWS provides a scalable, reliable, and highly available infrastructure that enables businesses of all sizes to run their applications and services in the cloud.
What is AWS infrastructure?
AWS infrastructure is the collection of physical and virtual resources that Amazon Web Services provides to its customers for building and running their applications and services in the cloud. AWS infrastructure comprises a vast network of data centers and servers located in different regions and availability zones around the world.
AWS infrastructure includes various services and tools that help customers to manage and deploy their applications in a scalable, reliable, and secure environment. Some of the key services that are part of AWS infrastructure are:
- Compute services such as Amazon EC2, Amazon Elastic Container Service, AWS Lambda, etc.
- Storage services such as Amazon S3, Amazon EBS, Amazon EFS, etc.
- Database services such as Amazon RDS, Amazon DynamoDB, Amazon Aurora, etc.
- Networking services such as Amazon VPC, AWS Direct Connect, Amazon Route 53, etc.
- Security and compliance services such as AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM), AWS Key Management Service (KMS), AWS Certificate Manager, etc.
- Analytics and machine learning services such as Amazon Redshift, Amazon EMR, Amazon SageMaker, etc.
- Management and monitoring services such as AWS CloudFormation, AWS CloudTrail, Amazon CloudWatch, etc.
AWS infrastructure is designed to provide high scalability, reliability, and flexibility to its customers. The infrastructure is also highly automated, which enables customers to deploy and manage their applications efficiently and at a lower cost compared to traditional on-premises data centers.
What are types of cloud services AWS has?
AWS provides various types of cloud services that cater to different business needs. The main types of cloud services that AWS offers are:
- Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): This service provides virtualized computing resources such as servers, storage, and networking on a pay-as-you-go basis. Some of the key IaaS services provided by AWS are Amazon EC2, Amazon EBS, and Amazon VPC.
- Platform as a Service (PaaS): This service provides a complete platform for building, deploying, and managing applications without worrying about the underlying infrastructure. Some of the key PaaS services provided by AWS are AWS Elastic Beanstalk, AWS Lambda, and AWS App Runner.
- Software as a Service (SaaS): This service provides access to fully functional software applications that are hosted in the cloud. AWS provides various SaaS applications such as Amazon Chime, Amazon WorkDocs, and Amazon WorkMail.
- Serverless Computing: This service allows customers to run their applications without worrying about the underlying infrastructure. AWS provides various serverless computing services such as AWS Lambda, AWS Fargate, and AWS App Runner.
- Data Analytics: This service allows customers to store, process, and analyze large volumes of data in the cloud. AWS provides various data analytics services such as Amazon Redshift, Amazon Athena, and Amazon EMR.
- Internet of Things (IoT): This service provides a platform for connecting, managing, and analyzing IoT devices and data. AWS provides various IoT services such as AWS IoT Core, AWS IoT Analytics, and AWS IoT Greengrass.
- Machine Learning: This service provides a platform for building, training, and deploying machine learning models in the cloud. AWS provides various machine learning services such as Amazon SageMaker, Amazon Rekognition, and Amazon Comprehend.
These are some of the main types of cloud services that AWS provides, but there are many more services and features available on the platform.
AWS (Amazon Web Services) provides its services and resources from different geographical locations around the world. These geographical locations are referred to as “regions.” Each region comprises several availability zones that are located in separate data centers within the region.
As of early 2023, AWS has 25 regions around the world. Here is the list of AWS regions:
- US East (Northern Virginia)
- US East (Ohio)
- US West (Northern California)
- US West (Oregon)
- Canada (Central)
- South America (São Paulo)
- Europe (Ireland)
- Europe (Frankfurt)
- Europe (London)
- Europe (Milan)
- Europe (Paris)
- Europe (Stockholm)
- Middle East (Bahrain)
- Asia Pacific (Hong Kong)
- Asia Pacific (Mumbai)
- Asia Pacific (Osaka-Local)
- Asia Pacific (Seoul)
- Asia Pacific (Singapore)
- Asia Pacific (Sydney)
- Asia Pacific (Tokyo)
- Africa (Cape Town)
- Africa (Johannesburg)
- China (Beijing)
- China (Ningxia)
- GovCloud (US-East)
By selecting the region closest to your business, you can optimize the performance of your applications and services and reduce network latency. However, it is also important to note that the availability of AWS services may vary by region, so you should check the specific services and features available in each region before selecting a region for your deployment.